Archive for June, 2016

The EU Referendum – “Dishonesty on an Industrial Scale”

Posted in Politics with tags , , , on June 22, 2016 by telescoper

This short talk, by Professor Michael Dougan of the University of Liverpool Law School, has been widely circulated but I thought I’d nevertheless share it here as it explodes many of the untruths circulating about the European Union. There’s far more useful information in this than anything produced in the official campaigns on either side, so whether you’ve made your mind up already or not, please have a look..

Passport Pride

Posted in Uncategorized on June 21, 2016 by telescoper

Nice to receive a nice new passport. European Union AND United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Just to reinforce what I wrote on Sunday…

image

I am proud to have both on the cover. Long may they both remain.

Why I think the United Kingdom should remain in the European Union

Posted in Biographical, History, Politics on June 19, 2016 by telescoper

These last few weeks have been absurdly busy, and even without Thursday’s referendum, next week promises to be even busier. I will, however, definitely make time to vote and I urge you to do the same, whichever way you feel inclined to cast your ballot.

A number of my friends and colleagues have been posting on social media about why they plan to vote for one side or the other, or in some cases already have voted ( by postal ballot), so I thought I’d do the same today. I don’t suppose my ramblings will change anyone’s mind, and that’s not the reason for posting this anyway. It’s just a personal opinion, that’s all. It’s fine if yours is different. I have friends who disagree strongly with what I’m going to say, but we’re still friends. There’s no reason to think that will change whichever way the vote goes, although I am deeply worried about what damage the campaign has done to British political culture (which was deeply flawed before it started).

Let me start with a bit of biography that might explain why I see things the way I do. I was born in Wallsend on Tyneside in 1963. My parents were both born just before World War 2 started also in the area where I was born. Of my four grandparents, one was born in England, one in Northern Ireland, one in Scotland, and one in Wales. I always smile when I get to right my nationality on a form, because I put “United Kingdom”. Of course being born in England makes me English too, but I find that less defining than “UK” or even “Geordie”. To be honest, my ancestry means that  I generally find the whole concept of nationality fundamentally silly. I find nationalism silly too, except for those occasions – regrettably frequent – when nationalism takes on the guise of xenophobia.  Then it is much more sinister. That is happening now in the United Kingdom, a point I will return to later.

I don’t come from a wealthy background. Holidays abroad were an unaffordable luxury when I was a kid. In fact, the only members of my immediately family ever to venture abroad before I did for the first time (in 1986) were my grandfather’s brother (who died at Arnhem in 1944), his cousin (who died at the Salerno landings in 1943), and my uncle Richard who crossed the Rhine with the British Army in 1945 and was stationed in the devastated city of Hamburg for the duration of his National Service; he at least survived the War.

I had the good fortune to be born during a time of peace and relative prosperity, and have experienced immense good fortune in my life. I got a scholarship to go to a very good school and thence won a place at Cambridge University, where I did well enough to go onto a PhD here at the University of Sussex. Thirty years ago last summer, when I was 23, I went abroad for the very first time – to a cosmology conference in Cargèse, in Corsica. Since then I’ve had the opportunity to travel widely in Europe and beyond, meeting and working with some wonderful people. What little sense of nationality I started with has diminished steadily with time, and I now have no difficulty at all in adding another label to my identity: European. I’m British and I’m European. And proud to be  both. That statement alone has led to me being called a “traitor”, such are the depths to which this wretched referendum campaign has sunk. Fortunately I an nowhere near sufficiently important or prominent for anyone to assassinate.

The United Kingdom joined the European Economic Community (as it was then called) in 1973, when I was ten years old. The EEC morphed into the EU in 1993, but in some form or another it has been a fact for all of my adult life. There is no question in my mind that Britain’s membership has been has been very good for Britain and for the other member states. We pay a subscription to the modern EU that amounts to around 0.5% of our public spending and for that we get preferential access to a free market that gives us around ten times as much back in trade and inward investment.

My career in science gives a perspective on this too. The UK is a member of the European Southern Observatory (ESO), the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the European Space Agency (ESA), all of which have been stunningly successful. None of these are actually European Union organizations. ESO and CERN were founded in the 1950s and ESA in the 1970s, all before the EU formally came into existence. But they do serve as models for why the EU is such a good thing in a wider sense than the science that they do. Members of ESO, CERN and ESA pay a subscription which amounts to a pooling of resources into a pot far bigger than any individual country could manage. Each organization is run by a council that makes collective decisions on where and what to invest. The UK has a strong influence on those decisions. By being a member it has a seat at the table and a voice in the discussions. The net result is that each of these organizations is much more than the sum of its parts.

fat cut

That model that works so well for ESO, CERN and ESA is basically the model for the European Union. Even when they’re not lying about the cost of membership as the official Vote Leave campaign consistently does, people tend to talk in a very short-sighted way about the amount we pay and how much we get back. That’s the wrong way to look at it. The point is that, just as with scientific organizations,  the EU is more than the sum of its parts. Pooling some resources and doing things collectively does, for certain things, give a value way beyond the relatively small amount we invest. But remember that we only pool 0.5% of our public funds in this way. It’s an astonishingly good deal. And, what’s more, it’s mutually beneficial. The UK benefits and the other EU member states benefit too. It’s not “us” versus “them”, it’s “we”.

Now I know that BrExit advocates will say. “You profit from EU grants! You’ve been bought off by the EU! You’ve a vested interest!” I’ve been attacked on social media repeatedly for having the temerity to argue that EU membership is as good for science as it is for everything else. But the fact of the matter is that the accusation is completely false. My own research is wholly funded from UK sources. I don’t have any EU funding at all. Even if I had I’d still have a right to express my opinion, but I don’t. I haven’t been “bought off” by anyone. I’ve thought about the issues and come to my own conclusion. You can do that in a free country.

The EU is by no means perfect. I think it could be made more accountable, more democratic. I understand those concerns, but I do feel that they’re hard to justify coming from one of the least democratic countries in Europe. We have an entirely unelected House of Lords, and a House of Commons that has delivered an overall majority to a party with a minority share of the popular vote. Pot calling the kettle black?

I think the economic, educational, cultural and societal benefits of EU membership have been discussed widely in the referendum campaign so I won’t repeat them here. I’ll just say that I think the benefits are immense, and the risk to this country if they are lost is huge.

But there is one reason over and above all this why I shall be voting to Remain in the EU. For this I will quote note other than Boris Johnson, who wrote just two years ago in his biography of Winston Churchill:

It was his (Churchill’s) idea to bring those countries together, to bind them together so indissolubly that they could never go to war again – and who can deny, today, that this idea has been a spectacular success? Together with Nato the European Community, now Union, has helped to deliver a period of peace and prosperity for its people as long as any since the days of the Antonine emperors.

I won’t comment on why Boris Johnson has changed his mind, but I agree with that statement. It brings me back to the bit of personal family history with which I started this post. I have been lucky enough to live in the period of “peace and prosperity” described in that quote. I am sorry my grandfathers’ generation was not so lucky. I don’t have any children of my own, but  I categorically refuse to take any step that would risk any future generation having to endure the same horrors.

And then there’s this.

Nazi_UKIP

The top left image shows  a poster produced by the UK Independence Party. The other three are taken from a Nazi propaganda film of the 1930s. The historical parallels are obvious and not accidental. This is indeed “Breaking Point” indeed. It’s the point the BrExit campaign descended into the gutter.

Of course I’m not saying that all those who want the UK to Leave the EU are fascists. Far from it. Many – indeed the majority – are reasonable, civilised people. But like it or not, if you vote Leave you’re voting the way the far right want you to vote. I for one will not take a single step in that direction. Fascism only needs a foot in the door. I fear that the domestic political consequences of BrExit will give it far more than that. Once they get hold of it, we’ll never get our country back.

One final point. On Thursday I will definitely vote for the United Kingdom to remain in the EU. However, Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty allows any member state to leave the European Union, and sets a protocol for how this can be achieved. This demonstrates that the UK has sovereignty over its own affairs, thus defeating one of the central arguments of the Leave campaign.

 

Audio Video Disco

Posted in Uncategorized on June 18, 2016 by telescoper

No time for a new post today, but since a colleague of mine told me this morning that the video mentioned in this post is still on show in Greenwich I thought Id reblog this old post from 2009…

In the Dark

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This scary picture is taken from an interactive exhibit in the Weller Galleries of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, which opened in 2007. The exhibit, I mean, not the Royal Observatory. I remember going down there to record the video segments, but had forgotten all about it until somebody found this image on the net and drew my attention to it.

The exhibit consists of a series of display screens with various astronomical and cosmological concepts and questions on them, along with appropriate images. Visitors touch the screens to bring up the video segments in which distinguished astronomers (or me) attempt to provide explanations.

The lady to the bottom right is probably providing a sign language translation of my contribution. Or she could simply be screaming and waving her hands in terror. Wouldn’t you?

PS. If you want an explanation of the title of this blog post, I’ll translate

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Lacrimosa

Posted in Music with tags , , on June 17, 2016 by telescoper

Mozart died before he could complete his Requiem. And of  this movement, Lacrimosa, only the first eight bars are known to have been written by him. Nevertheless, even a small piece of Mozart’s genius was enough to create a work of tragic beauty which is a suitable tribute for all those whose lives have been cut short. I hope I don’t have to say any more about why I’m posting it now at the end of this  horrible week.

Jo Cox murder: morbid symptoms but the new will be born

Posted in Uncategorized on June 17, 2016 by telescoper

“The crisis consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying and the new cannot be born; in this interregnum a great variety of morbid symptoms appear.”

From Italian:

“La crisi consiste appunto nel fatto che il vecchio muore e il nuovo non può nascere: in questo interregno si verificano i fenomeni morbosi piú svariati.”

 

From Antonio Gramsci, The Prison Notebooks, c1930.

 

Kmflett's Blog

Jo Cox murder: morbid symptoms but the new will be born

refugees

Gramsci wrote in the Prison Notebooks of the morbid symptoms that appear when the old order is dying but the new one cannot be born.

The murder of Jo Cox MP on Thursday was certainly a morbid symptom. The murderer had long term connections to violent hard core fascist groups something which some of the media rather predictably are trying to ignore. Instead they have emphasised mental health problems (quite possibly inadequately dealt with by an underfunded NHS) but there is no particular or obvious connection between that and murdering an MP.

There is no reason to despair.

Yes Farage, the Tory right and the gutter press have whipped up racism and division in society for their own ends. Farage in particular looks increasingly like someone playing to the fascist gallery.

There isn’t much evidence to be gathered that…

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R.I.P. Jo Cox (1974-2016)

Posted in Uncategorized on June 16, 2016 by telescoper

Jo_Cox

What in hell’s name is happening to this country?

A Second Gravitational Wave Source!

Posted in The Universe and Stuff with tags , , on June 16, 2016 by telescoper

I was travelling back from Cambridge on the train yesterday afternoon when I saw the announcement that the Advanced LIGO team had found a second gravitational wave source. Actually, I knew this one was coming – the event actually registered last Christmas – but I had forgotten that it was to be announced at the American Astronomical Society meeting that’s happening now in San Diego. There’s also a second possible discovery, but with much lower signal-to-noise.

The full discovery paper can be found here, from which I have taken this figure:

GW

You can find the arXiv version here.
The  signal shown above, code-named GW151226, like the previous one, appears to be from a black hole binary coalescence but it involves two black holes of rather lower masses (about 14 and 8 solar masses respectively). This means that the timescale is rather longer and so more orbits can be observed. It may not look visually as clear as the first source, GW150914, which involved black holes with masses in the region of 30 solar masses, but it’s a clear detection and it’s also interesting that the models suggest that at least one of the black holes has a significant spin. Interesting!

So, that’s two sources. Now we can do statistics! I was wondering last night how long it will take before every individual discovery like this is no longer reported. The same thing happened with the first few extra-solar planets but now that we have thousands, it’s only a subset – those that might plausibly be similar to Earth – that get press attention. At the current rate of discovery gravitational-wave sources may well become quite common over the next few years. In fact a reasonable prediction for when LIGO is switched on again at the end of the summer that there might be a detection every week or so. The era of gravitational wave astronomy is definitely upon us!

Actually from my point of view the really interesting challenge is to make full use of the low signal-to-noise detections that are probable sources but with some uncertainty. I hope to write a blog post soon about how Bayesian methods can help a great deal with that.

Anyway, that’s all I’ve got time for right now. After three days in Cambridge as External Examiner, I now have to chair our undergraduate finalist examination board here at Sussex. So I’ll just say congratulations again to the LIGO team. Great stuff.

 

 

I want my country back! Personal thoughts on the EU Referendum

Posted in Uncategorized on June 15, 2016 by telescoper

Read this.

Dr Burnley's Third Eye

I want my country back. It’s a refrain we’ve heard a lot in the last 5-10 years. It’s generally a call to restore some sense of what being British really means, of what Britain should feel like, and the people Britain should be composed of.  What has made this refrain so commonplace is the sense that Britain has lost its sense of identity to an influx of immigrants from the EU and elsewhere.  If only we could get shot of that damned institution we’d be able to get our country back.

My father-in-law is an ex-pat who lives in France and drives around in a French car. Every once in a while he drives over to see us.  On one such occasion he drove it to a local supermarket in Strood, Kent.  At a set of traffic lights he stopped, and a man ventured towards his car, as if he…

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To Cambridge Again

Posted in Biographical, Education with tags , , , on June 13, 2016 by telescoper

The annual cycle of academic life brings me once again to my duties as External Examiner for Physics at the famous Midlands University called Cambridge, so I’m getting ready to take the train there. Here’s a picture of the Cavendish laboratory where I’ll be working for the next three days:

bragg_building_110309

It hasn’t changed much since I was an undergraduate there (I graduated 31 years ago), but the area around it has certainly been heavily developed in the intervening years.

Anyway, I’d better be going. Toodle-pip!