Cosmology Talks: Dan Thomas on the first model-independent cosmological simulations of modified gravity

It’s time I shared another one of those interesting cosmology talks on the Youtube channel curated by Shaun Hotchkiss. This channel features technical talks rather than popular expositions so it won’t be everyone’s cup of tea but for those seriously interested in cosmology at a research level they should prove interesting. This one was published just yesterday.

In the talk Dan Thomas discusses his  recent work first creating a framework for describing modified gravity (i.e. extensions of general relativity) in a model-independent way on non-linear scales and then running N-body simulations in that framework. The framework involves finding a correspondence between large scale linear theory where everything is under control and small scale non-linear post-Newtonian dynamics. After a lot of care and rigour it boils down to a modified Poisson equation – on both large and small scales (in a particular gauge). The full generality of the modification to the Poisson equation allows, essentially, for a time and space dependent value for Newton’s constant. For most modified gravity models, the first level of deviation from general relativity can be parametrised in this way. This approach allows the method to use to  constrain modified gravity using observations without needing to run a new simulation for every step of a Monte Carlo parameter fit.

P. S. A couple of papers to go with this talk can be found here and here.

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